RECRUITMENT OF CYTOTOXIC CELLS BY ECTOPIC GRAFTS OF XENOGENEIC, BUT NOT ALLOGENEIC, TROPHOBLAST
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In previous studies we showed that survival of Mus caroli embryos in the Mus musculus uterus was dependent on trophoblast genotype; M musculus trophoblast was protective while M caroli trophoblast was not. In this report we compare the immune response of M musculus to ectopic grafts of pure trophoblast of M caroli and M musculus genotypes to elucidate further differences between the properties of trophoblast from the two species that might account for the failure of M caroli trophoblast to protect the fetus. Grafts of M caroli or DBA/2J ectoplacental cone (EPC) or embryonic tissue (E) were placed beneath the renal capsule of Ha(ICR) mice that were untreated or had been immunized with M caroli lymphocytes or with P815 mastocytoma cells. No consistent morphological difference could be demonstrated between the xenografts and allografts by gross or histological examination. Cellular infiltration of allogeneic and xenogeneic EPC graft sites occurred in immunized mice within 5 days of grafting. Cells specifically cytotoxic to M caroli lymphoblasts were isolated from the xenogeneic graft sites, but no allogeneically sensitized cytotoxic cells could be demonstrated. These results show that xenoantigens expressed on trophoblast induce a cytotoxic immune response more readily than alloantigens.
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