Regulation of Gene Expression of Murine MD-1 Regulates Subsequent T Cell Activation and Cytokine Production Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The immunoadhesin (OX2:Fc) comprising the extracellular domain of murine OX2 linked to IgG2aFc, inhibits production of IL-2 and IFN-gamma by activated T cells and increases allograft and xenograft survival in vivo. Increased expression of OX2 on dendritic cells (DC) in vivo following preimmunization via the portal vein is also associated with elevated expression of MD-1. We have used antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) to MD-1 to investigate the effect of inhibition of expression of MD-1 by DC on their function as allostimulatory cells. We also investigated by FACS analysis the cell surface expression of OX2, CD80, and CD86 on DC incubated with ODN-1 blocking MD-1 expression. Blocking MD-1 gene expression inhibits surface expression of CD80 and CD86, but not of OX2. DC incubated with ODN-1 to MD-1 did not stimulate IL-2 or IFN-gamma production, but generated cells able to suppress, in a second culture of fresh DC plus allogeneic T cells, production of IL-2 and IFN-gamma. This inhibition was blocked by anti-OX2 mAb. Infusion of DC preincubated with ODN-1 prolonged renal allograft survival, an effect also reversed by anti-OX2 mAb. By FACS, incubation of DC with anti-MD-1 Ab to promote capping eliminated cell surface expression of MD-1 and CD14 without altering DEC205, DC26, CD80, CD86, or OX2 expression. Thus OX2 and MD-1 are independent surface molecules on DC that may reciprocally regulate T cell stimulation. MD-1 is linked to CD14, a "danger receptor complex," and activation of this complex can regulate cell surface expression of CD80/CD86, which signal T cells.

authors

  • Gorczynski, Reginald M
  • Chen, Zhigi
  • Clark, David Alexander
  • Hu, Jiang
  • Yu, Gary
  • Li, Xiarong
  • Tsang, Wendy
  • Hadidi, Sima

publication date

  • August 15, 2000

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