Gastric ulceration after fundoplication.
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Gastric ulceration after fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux is relatively uncommon, occurring in 1% to 3% of cases. During the period 1974 to 1979, approximately 100 modified Belsey fundoplications were performed at McMaster University Medical Centre. In four patients gastric ulceration developed after the surgery. In all cases the ulcers were located in the proximal stomach, an unusual site. Published reports of gastric ulceration after fundoplication were reviewed, special attention being given to the cause. The authors conclude that local ischemia and mechanical trauma are important in the development of ulceration, which can occur as early as one week after fundoplication. The detection of ulcers requires awareness of the condition and special attention to the symptoms. Because the gastric anatomy is altered by the fundal wrap, the area can be visualized more easily by double-contrast barium studies than by endoscopy.
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