Thallous ion activation of p-nitrophenylphosphatase of rat myometrium plasma membrane
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Addition of thallous ion (Tl+) inhibited the spontaneous mechanical activity of rat myometrium in K-free Krebs solutions with an I50 value of 30 microM. The corresponding value for I50 for similar inhibition by addition of K+ was 150 microM. Tl+ as well as K+-activated p-nitrophenylphosphatase (PNPPase) of isolated rat myometrium plasma membrane vesicles. Half maximal activation was caused by 0.47 mM Tl+ or 1.6 mM K+. Maximal enzyme activities obtained using Tl+ and K+ were comparable. The Km values for the substance p-nitrophenylphosphatase using Tl+ (1.24 mM) and K+ (1.46 mM) were also similar. Activation by either ion was inhibited by ouabain, Na+, inorganic phosphate, and vanadate (V +5). The results suggest that Tl+ can substitute for K+ for activation of the Na-K pump of rat myometrium plasma membrane.
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