Stimulation of circular muscle motility of the isolated perfused canine ileum: Relationship to VIP output
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Perfusion of ileal segments with tetrodotoxin; opioids, Met-enkephalin and dynorphin; and alpha 2 adrenoceptor agonist, BHT920, increased motility concomitant with the decreased VIP output into the venous effluent reported previously. This suggested that increased motility resulted from release of the muscle from tonic inhibition when VIP output was reduced sufficiently. However, blockade of nicotinic receptors also reduced VIP output but did not induce motility. Thus release of myogenic activity from inhibition is not a sufficient explanation for increased motility and a further excitatory mediator is required. Field stimulation of nerves increased VIP output and delayed distal contractions, suggesting that VIP does participate in the canine ileal distal inhibition reflex.
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