Activation and inhibition of expression of the 72,000-da early protein of adenovirus type 5 in mouse cells constitutively expressing an immediate early protein of herpes simplex virus type 1
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It has been previously reported that immediate early proteins of pseudorabies and cytomegalo viruses can substitute for the products of the human adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) E1A gene in the activation of early Ad5 transcription. In the present report the effect of one of the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) immediate early genes, ICP4, on Ad5 early gene expression has been examined using mouse cell lines that constitutively express ICP4. These lines as well as nonproducers were infected with wild-type (wt) Ad5 or with various Ad5 E1A mutants and the levels of expression of the Ad5 E2A 72K DNA binding protein were measured by immunoprecipitation with a monoclonal antibody specific for 72K. With dl 312, which lacks E1A, some 72K expression was seen in nonproducer lines but levels were considerably higher in the producer lines. A similar result was also obtained using dl 312-infected nonproducer cells that were superinfected with HSV-1 virions. These data suggest that HSV-1 ICP4 can substitute for E1A in the activation of expression of early Ad5 proteins. With wt Ad5, 72K was also expressed at high levels in nonproducer mouse cells, however, in the ICP4 producer cell lines, a marked inhibition of 72K expression was observed and this inhibition correlated with the amount of ICP4 present. Using the E1A mutants pm 975 and hr 1, this inhibition was found to be specific for the products of the 1.1-kb E1A mRNA. These data suggest that ICP4 and E1A proteins either directly inhibit each other, or more likely, operate independently and competitively on factors required for viral gene activation.
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