Effect of glycogen depletion on the ventilatory response to exercise
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Five male subjects performed two graded exercise studies, one during control conditions and the other after reduction of muscle glycogen content by repeated maximum exercise and a high fat-protein diet. Reduction in preexercise muscle glycogen from 59.1 to 17.1 mumol X g-1 (n = 3) was associated with a 14% reduction in maximum power output but no change in maximum O2 intake; at any given power output O2 intake, heart rate, and ventilation (VE) were significantly higher, CO2 output (VCO2) was similar, and the respiratory exchange ratio was lower during glycogen depletion compared with control. The higher VE during glycogen depletion was associated with a higher VE/VCO2 ratio, lower end-tidal and mixed venous CO2 partial pressures, and higher blood pH than in the control studies. Changes in exercise VE accompanying glycogen depletion were not explained by changes in CO2 flux to the lungs suggesting that other factors served to modulate VE in these experimental conditions.
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