Relationship Between Pacemaker Dependency and the Effect of Pacing Mode on Cardiovascular Outcomes Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • BACKGROUND: A recently completed trial, the Canadian Trial of Physiological Pacing (CTOPP), showed that physiological pacing did not significantly reduce mortality, stroke, or heart failure hospitalization, but it did show that atrial fibrillation occurred less frequently in patients with physiological pacing. Many pacemaker patients experience only transient bradyarrhythmias with an adequate unpaced heart rate (UHR) and are not pacemaker-dependent. The purpose of the present analysis was to determine if pacemaker-dependent patients have an increased benefit from physiological pacing compared with non-pacemaker-dependent patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 2568 patients included in the CTOPP trial, 2244 patients had a pacemaker dependency test performed at the first follow-up visit. The yearly event rate of cardiovascular death or stroke steadily increased with decreasing UHR in the ventricular pacing group, but it remained constant in the physiological pacing group. When the patients were subdivided to UHR 60 bpm, there was an interaction between pacing mode treatment and UHR subgroup. The Kaplan-Meier plot confirmed a physiological pacing advantage only in the UHR

publication date

  • June 26, 2001

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