Clonal origin of human basophil/mast cells from circulating multipotent hemopoietic progenitors.
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The origin of the human basophil/mast cell lineage from a pluripotent hematopoietic stem cell has been surmised but never demonstrated. By examining individual hemopoietic colonies in methylcellulose under inverted microscopy and using histochemical stains in conjunction with single-colony histamine assays, we have previously identified basophil/mast cell progenitors in human peripheral blood. We now report that a large proportion of normal human peripheral blood mixed granuloerythropoietic (GEMM) colonies contain histamine, in contrast to a significantly lower frequency of histamine positivity among normal neutrophil-macrophage, eosinophil, erythroid, macrophage, or megakaryocyte colonies. Morphological observations confirmed the presence of basophil/mast cells in the majority of GEMM colonies. In our work, the clonal derivation of basophils/mast cells from circulating multipotent (CFU-GEMM) hemopoietic stem cells was formally demonstrated, using combined histamine and G6PD isoenzyme analysis of single colonies grown in methylcellulose from a normal G6PD heterozygote.
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