Functional characterization of mast cells generated in vitro from the mesenteric lymph node of rats infected with Nippostrongylus brasiliensis.
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We have examined the biochemical and functional characteristics of mast cells grown in tissue culture from the mesenteric lymph node (MLN) of rats infected with the nematode Nippostrongylus brasiliensis and compared them with mast cells isolated from the small intestinal mucosa and peritoneal cavity of infected animals. Cultured mast cells (MC) and isolated intestinal mucosal mast cells (MMC) had a similar histamine content, and both contained type II protease (RMCP II) which was absent from peritoneal mast cells (PMC). PMC, MMC and cultured MC each responded to immunologically induced histamine secretion, but MMC and cultured MC were hyporesponsive to calcium ionophores and unresponsive to widely used PMC secretagogues including compound 48/80 and bee venom peptide 401. MMC and cultured MC also differed from PMC in their lack of responsiveness to the anti-allergic agent disodium cromoglycate. Thus, MC cultured from the MLN are distinct from PMC but have a biochemical and functional phenotype similar to that of intestinal MMC.
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