Platelet concentrates stored for 5 days in a reduced volume of plasma maintain hemostatic function and viability
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BACKGROUND: Platelet concentrates prepared from whole blood are generally suspended in a standard volume of 50 to 60 mL of plasma and can be stored thus at 20 to 24 degrees C for up to 5 days. In vitro studies suggested that this plasma volume could be reduced to 30 to 35 mL without impairing platelet function. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This study evaluated whether platelets stored for 5 days in a reduced volume (30-35 mL) of plasma maintained their in vivo viability, hemostatic function, and recovery in recipients. Paired autologous platelet survival studies were done in 20 adult volunteers to assess platelet viability. A rabbit ear bleeding-time model was used to compare the hemostatic effectiveness of human platelet concentrates stored for 5 days in the standard or reduced volume of plasma. Platelet recovery was compared in thrombocytopenic hospital patients. RESULTS: Paired platelet survival studies indicated no significant difference between the values in platelet concentrates stored for 5 days in the reduced volume of plasma and the values in those stored in the standard volume. In the animal model, there was no significant difference in the bleeding times achieved by either set of platelet concentrates. The platelet count increments in thrombocytopenic patients were measured. The platelet count increments in patients who received reduced-volume platelet concentrates were as good as the increments achieved in patients given standard-volume concentrates. CONCLUSION: The in vivo viability, recovery, and hemostatic function of platelets collected in polyvinylchloride plastic containers and stored in 30 to 35 mL of plasma for 5 days are maintained as well as those of platelets stored in 50 to 60 mL of plasma.
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