TBARS and cardiovascular disease in a population-based sample.
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BACKGROUND: Oxygen radicals might play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of various diseases, including atherosclerosis. Thiobarbituric acid reaction substances (TBARS), a biomarker of oxidative stress, have been proposed as a summary measure of total circulating oxidation. However, there is no strong indication that circulating levels of TBARS are increased in patients with atherosclerosis. DESIGN: We evaluated the relation between TBARS and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a cross-sectional random sample of white men and women from Buffalo, New York. METHODS: Logistic regression was used to estimate the risk associated with high levels of TBARS. The area under the ROC curve was used to evaluate the discriminating power of TBARS. RESULTS: After adjusting for age and gender, TBARS levels were significantly higher in those with prevalent CVD (OR= 1.73, 95% CI=1.32-2.38), compared to those without a CVD diagnosis. These OR were almost 50% higher after correcting for measurement error (ME) (OR=1.93, 95% CI=1.07-3.40). The area under the ROC curve was 0.69 (95% CI=0.62-0.77) and when corrected for ME reached 0.80 (95% CI=0.65-0.89). CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that elevated levels of TBARS were associated with increase risk of the prevalence of CVD, but this effect was no longer significant after adjusting for glucose.
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