A comparison of two procedures used for complexing Fe(III) with human apotransferrin. II. Uptake of Fe(III) by K-562 cells from 55Fe∙transferrins and Fe∙[3H]transferrins
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Samples of human apotransferrin (apo . HTr) were saturated with Fe(III) by two different techniques, a method employing excess trisodium citrate to chelate Fe(III) and a nonchelating approach which involves the ferroxidase activity of ceruloplasmin to convert Fe(II)----Fe(III). The samples were radiolabelled with either 55Fe or 3H. Using an initial molar Fe/apo . HTr ratio of 2.0-2.1, preparations of human transferrin with bound Fe (Fe . HTr) using the citrate method invariably contained 2.2-2.4 atoms Fe/molecule, whereas Fe . HTr (ceruloplasmin method) contained 2.0 atoms/molecule as shown by spectrophotometric and radioactivity measurements. Uptake of Fe from these Fe . HTr preparations by K-562 cells grown in a serum-free medium was marginally, but consistently, more rapid from 55Fe . HTr (citrate) than from 55Fe . HTr (ceruloplasmin). Taking account of the different Fe contents of the Fe . HTr preparations, the rate measured over a 2-h period amounted to approximately 12,700 and 16,100 Fe atoms/(cell . min) for Fe . HTr (ceruloplasmin) and Fe . HTr (citrate), respectively. However, cell binding by the two Fe . [3H]HTr preparations did not differ significantly over the 8-h incubation period. Furthermore, from the 3H distribution, the quantities of Fe . HTr bound reversibly at the cell surface and contained within the cell were similar for the two Fe . HTr preparations. The results indicate that apo . HTr may bind Fe in different ways depending on the method of Fe presentation and that the Fe . HTr product can donate Fe to K-562 cells at a rate which may reflect the method used for Fe-complex formation.
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