Thrombin binding to platelets from hypercholesterolaemic rats
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Platelets from rats made hypercholesterolaemic with a diet enriched with milk fat and cholesterol and containing taurocholate to promote hypercholesterolaemia aggregated more extensively to a low concentration of thrombin than platelets from rats given a milk fat-enriched diet containing sitosterol. Total and specific binding of thrombin to platelets from hypercholesterolaemic rats was significantly greater than in controls when expressed per mg platelet protein, per mumol platelet cholesterol, or per unit relative surface area. Total and specific binding of thrombin per platelet were not different between the groups. However, platelets from hypercholesterolaemic rats had less protein and cholesterol, were smaller and had less surface area than control platelets; platelet cholesterol content expressed per mg platelet protein was not different. Thus, the increase in thrombin-binding to the smaller platelets from hypercholesterolaemic rats during the first 10 s after its addition may be responsible, at least in part, for the hypersensitivity of these platelets to thrombin.
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