Catabolism of unglycated and naturally glycated forms of rabbit fibrinogen: their interaction with the healthy and deendothelialized aorta wall in normal and diabetic rabbits.
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The incidence of nonenzymatic glycation of proteins within the hyperglycemic environment of diabetic plasma is increased compared with that in normal (i.e., nondiabetic) plasma. Whether glycation in vivo alters the behavior of proteins within the circulation is not well understood. Glycated fibrinogen, although not detected in normal rabbit plasma, was isolated from diabetic rabbit plasmas (glucose concentration 12 to 39 mmol/L) and separated from unglycated fibrinogen by boronate chromatography. The yield of glycated fibrinogen, which amounted to 3% to 6% of total fibrinogen, correlated with the content of plasma glucose. Glycated and unglycated fibrinogens facilitated aggregation of normal or diabetic platelets to a similar extent after adding adenosine-5'-diphosphate. Normal platelets stimulated by adenosine-5'-diphosphate bound more iodine 131-glycated fibrinogen than iodine 125-unglycated fibrinogen (p < 0.05), whereas the quantities of glycated and unglycated fibrinogens bound by diabetic platelets were not significantly different. When coinjected intravenously into normal or diabetic rabbits, 131I-glycated fibrinogen was cleared from the circulation faster than 125I-unglycated fibrinogen although the catabolic rates, measured as half-life, were not significantly different. At equilibrium, glycated fibrinogen was distributed significantly more in the extravascular and less in the vascular compartments of the normal and diabetic rabbit compared with the unglycated type. After balloon injury to the aorta in vivo, the unglycated/glycated ratio of radiolabeled fibrinogens associated with the platelet monolayer was 0.94, whereas for the damaged subendothelium the ratio was 1.20 (p < 0.005). We conclude that glycation in vivo changes several metabolic characteristics of fibrinogen in the normal and diabetic rabbit.
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