Catabolism of plasminogen glycoforms I and II in rabbits: Relationship to plasminogen synthesis by the rabbit liver in vitro
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The metabolisms of the two glycoforms of rabbit plasminogen have been compared in rabbits. Plasminogen I and II (ratio in plasma, 1:2.2) differ only in glycan content: plasminogen I probably possesses one N-glycan and one O-glycan, and plasminogen II only one O-glycan. New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits were injected intravenously with 125I-plasminogen I and 131I-plasminogen II, and blood samples were taken at regular intervals over 5 days. Kinetic behaviors were determined from protein-bound radioactivities using a three-compartment model. Fractional catabolic rates for plasminogen II in the vascular space (2.42 d-1) and the total body (0.56 d-1) were significantly greater than those measured for plasminogen I (1.12 and 0.45 d-1); half-lives were 1.53 and 1.23 days for plasminogen I and II, respectively (P < .01). Fractional distributions among the vascular, noncirculating vascular, and extravascular compartments were 0.41, 0.13, and 0.46 for plasminogen I, and 0.23, 0.11, and 0.65 for plasminogen II. From these data, we determined that plasminogen II was catabolized 4.8 times more rapidly than plasminogen I and was quantitatively contained largely in the extravascular space. By comparison, perfusion of rabbit livers ex corpora showed that plasminogen II was synthesized and released 5.0 times faster than plasminogen I over a 5-hour period. The possible roles for these glycoforms in vivo with respect to their different turnover rates and compartmental distributions are discussed.
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