Heparin Binding to Plasma Proteins, an Important Mechanism for Heparin Resistance Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • SummaryHeparin dosage requirements vary widely among patients with venous thromboembolism. In this study, we measured the proportion of anticoagulantly-active heparin which was reversibly bound and neutralized by plasma proteins (defined as reversible heparin neutralization) in the pre-treatment plasma (in vitro) and in the 6 h post-treatment plasma (ex vivo) of patients with venous thromboembolism treated with a fixed dose of heparin. Reversible heparin neutralization was assessed by comparing the heparin levels measured as anti-factor Xa activity before and after the addition of low affinity heparin which is essentially devoid of antifactor Xa activity, in order to displace heparin bound to plasma proteins. The results indicate that reversible heparin neutralization due to binding to plasma proteins is a major determinant of the anticoagulant response to a fixed dose of standard heparin 6 h post-treatment and of the eventual heparin dose required to achieve a therapeutic anticoagulant effect on days 3-5 of heparin treatment.

publication date

  • June 1992