Incidence and Characteristics of Autoimmune Hepatitis Academic Article uri icon

  •  
  • Overview
  •  
  • Research
  •  
  • Identity
  •  
  • Additional Document Info
  •  
  • View All
  •  

abstract

  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a progressive inflammatory liver disease of unknown etiology, with limited population-based estimates of pediatric incidence. We reported the incidence of pediatric AIH in Canada and described its clinical characteristics. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients aged <18 years diagnosed with AIH between 2000-2009 at all pediatric centers in Canada. RESULTS: A total of 159 children with AIH (60.3% female, 13.2% type 2 AIH) were identified. Annual incidence was 0.23 per 100000 children. Median age at presentation for type 1 was 12 years (interquartile range: 11-14) versus 10 years for type 2 (interquartile range: 4.5-13) (P = .03). Fatigue (58%), jaundice (54%), and abdominal pain (49%) were the most common presenting symptoms. Serum albumin (33 vs 38 g/L; P = .03) and platelet count (187 000 vs 249 000; P <.001) were significantly lower and the international normalized ratio (1.4 vs 1.2; P <.001) was higher in cirrhotic versus noncirrhotic patients. Initial treatment included corticosteroids (80%), azathioprine (32%), and/or cyclosporine (13%). Response to treatment at 1 year was complete in 90%, and partial in 3%. 3% of patients had no response, and 3% responded and later relapsed. Nine patients underwent liver transplantation, and 4 patients died at a mean follow-up of 4 years. CONCLUSIONS: AIH is uncommon in children and adolescents in Canada. Type 1 AIH was diagnosed 5.5 times more frequently than type 2 AIH. Most patients respond well to conventional therapy, diminishing the need for liver transplantation.

authors

  • Jimenez-Rivera, C
  • Ling, SC
  • Ahmed, N
  • Yap, J
  • Aglipay, M
  • Barrowman, N
  • Graitson, S
  • Critch, J
  • Rashid, M
  • Ng, VL
  • Roberts, EA
  • Brill, Herbert
  • Dowhaniuk, Jenna
  • Bruce, G
  • Bax, K
  • Deneau, M
  • Guttman, OR
  • Schreiber, RA
  • Martin, S
  • Alvarez, F

publication date

  • November 1, 2015

has subject area