Network meta-analysis of direct-acting antivirals in combination with peginterferon–ribavirin for previously untreated patients with hepatitis C genotype 1 infection
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AIM: To conduct a network meta-analysis (NMA) to determine the comparative efficacy, as measured by sustained virological response (SVR), between boceprevir (BOC), telaprevir (TEL), faldaprevir (FAL), simeprevir (SIM) and sofosbuvir (SOF) in combination with peginterferon-ribavirin (PR) against a control of PR. DESIGN: A literature search was conducted to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) including adult patients with hepatitis C virus genotype 1 who were naive to any prior therapy. RCTs assessing standard duration therapy (SDT) or response-guided therapy (RGT) BOC, TEL, FAL, SIM or SOF in combination with PR against a control of PR were eligible for inclusion. All RCTs must have provided SVR at either 12 or 24 weeks post-therapy cessation. RESULTS: We included nine RCTs. All direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) were found to perform better than PR. Additionally, SDT FAL was found to be better than the 240 mg RGT FAL regimen with the PR lead-in. A sensitivity analysis excluding RCTs with only SVR at 12 weeks was consistent with the results of the primary analysis. A sensitivity analysis removing an RCT assessing SIM that reported SVR of >60% in the PR control group additionally found that RGT SIM was superior to the 240 mg RGT FAL regimen with the PR lead-in. DISCUSSION: Our analyses indicate that SDT and RGT regimens of DAAs plus PR do not differ greatly in terms of SVR among treatment-naive hepatitis C genotype 1 patients. More advanced Bayesian network meta-analyses are likely needed to incorporate a comprehensive evidence base, expanding beyond randomized clinical trials.
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