Growth, percolation, and correlations in disordered fiber networks Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • This paper studies growth, percolation, and correlations in disordered fiber networks. We start by introducing a 2D continuum deposition model with effective fiber-fiber interactions represented by a parameter $p$ which controls the degree of clustering. For $p=1$, the deposited network is uniformly random, while for $p=0$ only a single connected cluster can grow. For $p=0$, we first derive the growth law for the average size of the cluster as well as a formula for its mass density profile. For $p>0$, we carry out extensive simulations on fibers, and also needles and disks to study the dependence of the percolation threshold on $p$. We also derive a mean-field theory for the threshold near $p=0$ and $p=1$ and find good qualitative agreement with the simulations. The fiber networks produced by the model display nontrivial density correlations for $p<1$. We study these by deriving an approximate expression for the pair distribution function of the model that reduces to the exactly known case of a uniformly random network. We also show that the two-point mass density correlation function of the model has a nontrivial form, and discuss our results in view of recent experimental data on mass density correlations in paper sheets.

authors

  • Provatas, Nikolas
  • Haataja, M
  • Seppälä, E
  • Majaniemi, S
  • Åström, J
  • Alava, M
  • Ala-Nissila, T

publication date

  • April 1997