A new association of congenital hydrocephalus, albinism, megalocornea, and retinal coloboma in a syndromic child: A clinical and genetic study
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We describe a child with global developmental delay, prominent metopic suture, trigonocephaly, and cryptorchidism whose symptoms resemble the well-known 9p deletion syndrome or 9p monosomy. We also noted congenital hydrocephalus, oculocutaneous albinism, retinal coloboma, and megalocornea, which are not typical features of 9p monosomy. When a new albinism gene was localized to 9p (Chintamaneni et al., Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1991;178:227-235; Murty et al., Genomics 1992;13:227-229), we hypothesized that our patient had the 9p deletion syndrome plus albinism, with the deletion involving the albinism gene. We used FISH probes to test this hypothesis and found that the 9p region was normal, therefore excluding the 9p deletion syndrome. To our knowledge, the association of congenital hydrocephalus, albinism, megalocornea, and retinal coloboma has not been described in the literature. The purpose of this report is to describe this new association of congenital ocular and cerebral anomalies in a syndromic child.
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