Identification of Dp71 Isoforms in the Platelet Membrane Cytoskeleton
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Utrophin is a component of the platelet membrane cytoskeleton and participates in cytoskeletal reorganization (Earnest, J. P., Santos, G. F., Zuerbig, S., and Fox, J. E. B. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 27259-27265). Although platelets do not contain dystrophin, the identification of smaller C-terminal isoforms of dystrophin, including Dp71, which are expressed in a wide range of nonmuscle tissues and cell lines, has not been investigated. In this report, we have identified Dp71 protein variants of 55-60 kDa (designated Dp71Delta(110)) in the membrane cytoskeleton of human platelets. Both Dp71Delta(110) and utrophin sediment from lysed platelets along with the high speed detergent-insoluble pellet, which contains components of the membrane cytoskeleton. Like the membrane cytoskeletal proteins vinculin and spectrin, Dp71Delta(110) and utrophin redistributed from the high speed detergent-insoluble pellet to the integrin-rich low speed pellet of thrombin-stimulated platelets. Immunoelectron microscopy provided further evidence that Dp71Delta(110) was localized to the submembranous cytoskeleton. In addition to Dp71Delta(110), platelets contained several components of the dystrophin-associated protein complex, including beta-dystroglycan and syntrophin. To better understand the potential function of Dp71Delta(110), collagen adhesion assays were performed on platelets isolated from wild-type or Dp71-deficient (mdx(3cv)) mice. Adhesion to collagen in response to thrombin was significantly decreased in platelets isolated from mdx(3cv) mice, compared with wild-type platelets. Collectively, our results provide evidence that Dp71Delta(110) is a component of the platelet membrane cytoskeleton, is involved in cytoskeletal reorganization and/or signaling, and plays a role in thrombin-mediated platelet adhesion.
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