Comparative safety of serotonin (5-HT3) receptor antagonists in patients undergoing surgery: a systematic review and network meta-analysis Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Serotonin (5-HT3) receptor antagonists are commonly used to decrease nausea and vomiting for surgery patients, but these agents may be harmful. We conducted a systematic review on the comparative safety of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists. METHODS: Searches were done in MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials to identify studies comparing 5-HT3 receptor antagonists with each other, placebo, and/or other antiemetic agents for patients undergoing surgical procedures. Screening search results, data abstraction, and risk of bias assessment were conducted by two reviewers independently. Random-effects pairwise meta-analysis and network meta-analysis (NMA) were conducted. PROSPERO registry number: CRD42013003564. RESULTS: Overall, 120 studies and 27,787 patients were included after screening of 7,608 citations and 1,014 full-text articles. Significantly more patients receiving granisetron plus dexamethasone experienced an arrhythmia relative to placebo (odds ratio (OR) 2.96, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.11-7.94), ondansetron (OR 3.23, 95 % CI 1.17-8.95), dolasetron (OR 4.37, 95 % CI 1.51-12.62), tropisetron (OR 3.27, 95 % CI 1.02-10.43), and ondansetron plus dexamethasone (OR 5.75, 95 % CI 1.71-19.34) in a NMA including 31 randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and 6,623 patients of all ages. No statistically significant differences in delirium frequency were observed across all treatment comparisons in a NMA including 18 RCTs and 3,652 patients. CONCLUSION: Granisetron plus dexamethasone increases the risk of arrhythmia.

authors

  • Tricco, Andrea C
  • Soobiah, Charlene
  • Blondal, Erik
  • Veroniki, Areti A
  • Khan, Paul A
  • Vafaei, Afshin
  • Ivory, John
  • Strifler, Lisa
  • Ashoor, Huda
  • MacDonald, Heather
  • Reynen, Emily
  • Robson, Reid
  • Ho, Joanne
  • Ng, Carmen
  • Antony, Jesmin
  • Mrklas, Kelly
  • Hutton, Brian
  • Hemmelgarn, Brenda R
  • Moher, David
  • Straus, Sharon E

publication date

  • December 2015