Feasible proofs of matrix properties with Csanky's algorithm Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • We show that Csanky's fast parallel algorithm for computing the characteristic polynomial of a matrix can be formalized in the logical theory LAP, and can be proved correct in LAP from the principle of linear independence. LAP is a natural theory for reasoning about linear algebra introduced by Cook and Soltys. Further, we show that several principles of matrix algebra, such as linear independence or the Cayley-Hamilton Theorem, can be shown equivalent in the logical theory QLA. Applying the separation between complexity classes AC^0[2] contained in DET(GF(2)), we show that these principles are in fact not provable in QLA. In a nutshell, we show that linear independence is ``all there is'' to elementary linear algebra (from a proof complexity point of view), and furthermore, linear independence cannot be proved trivially (again, from a proof complexity point of view).

publication date

  • January 1, 2005