The Epidemiology of Metatarsal Fractures
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BACKGROUND: Metatarsal fractures are common injuries; however little has been written regarding their epidemiology in an adult population. METHODS: All patients with metatarsal fractures during a 1-year time period were included in the study. Demographic information, grade, and mechanism of injury, associated injuries, and fracture location and type were recorded. RESULTS: Three hundred and fifty-five patients with 411 metatarsal fractures were identified. The average age of the patients was 42 years. There was a higher proportion of women in the higher age groups, and the most common fracture was that of the fifth metatarsal. Multiple metatarsal fractures occurred in contiguous metatarsals, and 63% of third metatarsal fractures were associated with a fracture of either the second or fourth metatarsal. CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the epidemiology and injury patterns of metatarsal fractures can aid in the accurate identification and subsequent treatment of fractures of the metatarsals.
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