Gangliocytoma of the Cerebellum: Ultrastructure and Immunohistochemistry
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A 31-year-old man presenting with a cerebellopontine angle syndrome underwent subtotal resection of a gangliocytoma of the left middle cerebellar peduncle. The tumor was positive for 68-kD neurofilament protein and vasoactive intestinal peptide. No glial cells were identified on immunohistochemical or ultrastructural examination. Electron microscopic study of neoplastic ganglionic cells revealed the presence of dense core vesicles, synaptic junctions, Hirano bodies, and marked dystrophic changes in the neuritic processes. The nosology of this lesion is discussed. Similarities between the morphological changes shown by mature neoplastic ganglion cells and comparable structural alterations seen in the physiological senescence of nonneoplastic neurons are stressed.
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