A fabric-dependent fracture criterion for bone
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A fracture criterion for bone tissue is proposed. Bone material is considered to be anisotropic and its properties are described by invoking the concept of directional variation of porosity. The fracture criterion is expressed as a scalar-valued function of the stress tensor and it incorporates an orientation-dependent distribution of compressive/tensile strength. The proposed mathematical framework is applied to a numerical analysis of fracture in the proximal femur due to a fall from standing height. The risk of fracture is assessed in the context of two different porosity distributions, simulating a healthy and an osteoporotic bone.
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