Controlled Fabrication of Polypyrrole Surfaces with Overhang Structures by Colloidal Templating
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Here we present the fabrication of polypyrrole (PPy) surfaces with a controlled overhang structure. Regularly structured PPy films were produced using interfacial polymerization around a sacrificial crystalline colloidal monolayer at the air/water interface. The morphology of the final inverse colloidal PPy film is controlled by the amount of monomer, the monomer: oxidant ratio and polymerization time. The PPy films exhibit an overhang structure due to depth of particle immersion in the water phase. As a result of the overhang structure, the PPy films are made hydrophobic, although the material itself is hydrophilic. The apparent contact angle of water on the structured surfaces is 109.5°, which is in agreement with the predicted contact angle using the Cassie-Baxter equation for air-filled cavities. This fabrication technique is scalable and can be readily extended to other systems where controlled wettability is required.
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