Continuous infusion of B-domain deleted recombinant factor VIII (ReFacto) in patients with haemophilia A undergoing surgery: clinical experience
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This retrospective, open-label, non-comparative study evaluated continuous infusion of recombinant factor VIII (ReFacto), B-domain deleted recombinant FVIII (BDDrFVIII), in patients with haemophilia A undergoing surgery and requiring >5 consecutive days of treatment. Sixteen patients from eight centres underwent a total of 20 procedures. Haemostatic outcome was assessed as 'excellent' or 'good' in 75% of procedures, and target FVIII:C levels were maintained throughout the continuous infusion period. The reported volume of blood loss during surgery was also within the normal range for non-haemophilic patients for the type of surgery performed. Red blood cell transfusions were required to balance excessive blood loss during BDDrFVIII continuous infusion in eight (40%) procedures (seven patients), five with bleeding or requiring volume replacement and three to treat anaemia secondary to blood loss. Non-serious adverse events considered by investigators as possibly or probably related to BDDrFVIII continuous infusion were infrequent (n = 5) considering the duration of treatment (n =239 cumulative days of continuous infusion), and all of these were mild-to-moderate in severity. No thromboembolic complications were reported except for one case of thrombophlebitis occurring at the infusion site. Only two patients (four events) experienced serious adverse bleeding; BDDrFVIII was otherwise well-tolerated. These data show that continuous infusion of BDDrFVIII provides reliable haemostasis and is an effective and well-tolerated regimen for patients with haemophilia A undergoing surgery.
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