The administration of recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) by continuous infusion has provided a safe and convenient alternative to bolus injections in haemophiliacs with inhibitors, but it has only been reported in a single case with congenital factorVII (FVII) deficiency. The results of 12 consecutive surgical procedures in 7 patients with congenital FVII deficiency are reported here. rFVIIa was always given in continuous infusion, aiming at plasma FVII activity of 0.5 IU/mL. Treatment was given for 2 to 7 days with a mean total dose of 7.8 mg rFVIIa. Blood loss was as expected from the different types of procedures and the only thromboembolic complication was a superficial thrombophlebitis at the infusion site. This mode of substitution was therefore safe, effective and well tolerated.