Relationship of cross-brain oxygen content difference, cerebral blood flow, and metabolic rate to neurologic outcome after near-drowning
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We evaluated the relationship of global cerebral blood flow, cross-brain oxygen content difference, cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen, intracranial pressure, and cerebral perfusion pressure to functional neurologic outcome in 12 comatose children on 2 consecutive days after near-drowning. Five children survived with functional neurologic outcome; five died and two survived with severe neurologic damage. Children who survived with functional neurologic outcome had a significantly higher cross-brain oxygen content difference (7.89 +/- 2.62 vs 3.91 +/- 1.59 ml/dl; p = 0.028) at 24 hours and a higher cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen 48 hours after admission (3.19 +/- 2.86 vs 0.96 +/- 0.45 ml/100 gm per minute; p = 0.030) compared with those who died or survived in a damaged state. There were no significant differences in global cerebral blood flow, intracranial pressure, and cerebral perfusion pressure between groups at either 24 or 48 hours. Our preliminary data suggest that a higher cross-brain content difference value is an important early variable associated with functional neurologic recovery after near-drowning. However, a single cross-brain oxygen content difference value must be interpreted with caution because considerable variability may occur among patient groups.