Combined pancreaticoduodenectomy and colon resection for locally advanced peri-ampullary tumours: analysis of peri-operative morbidity and mortality
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BACKGROUND: Combined pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) and colonic resection may be necessary to achieve an R0 resection of peri-ampullary tumours. The aim of this study was to examine the morbidity and mortality associated with this procedure. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed comparing 607 patients who underwent a standard pancreaticoduodenectomy (S-PD) to 28 patients who had a concomitant colon resection and PD (PD-colon) over a 10-year period at an academic centre. RESULTS: Patients in the PD-colon group were more likely to have received neoadjuvant chemotherapy ± radiation (3/28, 11% versus 14/607, 2%, P = 0.024). Operative time was also longer (530 versus 410 min, P < 0.001) and they were more likely to have had portal vein resections (9/28, 32% versus 76/607, 13%, P = 0.007). There was no difference in the intra-operative blood loss, length of stay, or overall complication rates. The PD-colon group had a higher rate of severe post-operative bleeding (4/28, 11% versus 8/607, 1%, P = 0.002). The post-operative mortality rates for the PD-colon and PD groups were 2/28 (7%) and 8/607 (1%), respectively (P = 0.068). CONCLUSIONS: PD-colon has an acceptable risk of peri-operative morbidity compared with S-PD in well-selected patients.
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