CHANGES IN HOSPITAL ANTIBIOTIC THERAPY AFTER A QUALITY-OF-USE STUDY
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During the first quarters of 1976 and 1977, the use of parenteral gentamicin, cloxacillin, ampicillin, and cephalothin was surveyed in 219 (in 1976) and 240 (in 1977) patients admitted to a surgical, a gynaecological, and a medical ward of a teaching hospital. In 1976, therapy was assessed as irrational in 42%, 50%, and 12% of the surgical, gynaecological, and medical patients, respectively; the corresponding figures for 1977 were 24%, 25%, and 22%. The more rational therapy in 1977 was due to a shorter duration of prophylactic therapy; and to fewer patients receiving oral antibiotics just before or after the parenteral antibiotic.
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