Hematological and acid-base changes in men during prolonged exercise with and without sodium-lactate infusion
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An emerging technique used for the study of metabolic regulation is the elevation of lactate concentration with a sodium-lactate infusion, the lactate clamp (LC). However, hematological and acid-base properties affected by the infusion of hypertonic solutions containing the osmotically active strong ions sodium (Na(+)) and lactate (Lac(-)) are a concern for clinical and research applications of LC. In the present study, we characterized the hematological and plasma acid-base changes during rest and prolonged, light- to moderate-intensity (55% Vo(2 peak)) exercise with and without LC. During the control (Con) trial, subjects were administered an isotonic, isovolumetric saline infusion. During LC, plasma lactate concentration ([Lac(-)]) was elevated to 4 meq/l during rest and to 4-7 meq/l during exercise. During LC at rest, there were rapid and transient changes in plasma, erythrocyte, and blood volumes. LC resulted in decreased plasma [H(+)] (from 39.6 to 29.6 neq/l) at the end of exercise while plasma [HCO(3)(-)] increased from 26 to 32.9 meq/l. Increased plasma strong ion difference [SID], due to increased [Na(+)], was the primary contributor to decreased [H(+)] and increased [HCO(3)(-)]. A decrease in plasma total weak acid concentration also contributed to these changes, whereas Pco(2) contributed little. The infusion of hypertonic LC caused only minor volume, acid-base, and CO(2) storage responses. We conclude that an LC infusion is appropriate for studies of metabolic regulation.
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