Quasi-Newton parallel geometry optimization methods
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Algorithms for parallel unconstrained minimization of molecular systems are examined. The overall framework of minimization is the same except for the choice of directions for updating the quasi-Newton Hessian. Ideally these directions are chosen so the updated Hessian gives steps that are same as using the Newton method. Three approaches to determine the directions for updating are presented: the straightforward approach of simply cycling through the Cartesian unit vectors (finite difference), a concurrent set of minimizations, and the Lanczos method. We show the importance of using preconditioning and a multiple secant update in these approaches. For the Lanczos algorithm, an initial set of directions is required to start the method, and a number of possibilities are explored. To test the methods we used the standard 50-dimensional analytic Rosenbrock function. Results are also reported for the histidine dipeptide, the isoleucine tripeptide, and cyclic adenosine monophosphate. All of these systems show a significant speed-up with the number of processors up to about eight processors.
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