Tailoring Material Stiffness by Filler Particle Organization Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • In the context of emerging methods to control particle organization in particle-matrix composite materials, we explore, using finite element analysis, how to modulate the material bulk mechanical stiffness. Compared to a composite containing randomly distributed particles, material stiffness is enhanced 100-fold when filler particles are aligned into linear chains lying parallel to the loading direction. In contrast, chains aligned perpendicular to that direction produce negligible stiffness change. These outcomes reveal how zigzag chains, which provide intermediate results, can modulate stiffness. The stiffness decreases gradually with increasing zigzag angle θ over a range spanning 2 orders of magnitude.

publication date

  • October 19, 2016