Dorsal perilunate dislocations and fracture-dislocations: Questionnaire, clinical, and radiographic evaluation
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Twenty-two consecutive patients (23 wrists) underwent open reduction internal fixation of dorsal perilunate dislocations and fracture-dislocations through combined dorsal and volar approaches. One of 5 experienced wrist surgeons performed these procedures within an average of 3 days of injury (range, 0-26 days) and intercarpal fixation was kept within the proximal carpal row. Motion was instituted an average of 10 weeks (range, 5-16 weeks) after injury. All patients were males. The average age at the time of injury was 32 years (range, 16-60 years). The average follow-up period was 37 months (range, 13-65 months). Average flexion-extension motion arc and grip strength in the injured wrist were 57% and 73%, respectively, compared with the contralateral wrist. The scapholunate angle increased and the revised carpal height ratio decreased over time, which was statistically significant for both measurements. Three patients (3 wrists) required wrist arthrodesis and a fourth patient had an immediate scaphoid excision and 4-corner arthrodesis secondary to an irreparable scaphoid fracture. One patient required a proximal row carpectomy to treat septic arthritis. Nine of the remaining 18 wrists had radiographic evidence of arthritis, most often at the capitolunate or scaphocapitate articulations. Short form-36 mental summary scores were significantly greater than age- and gender-matched US population values; physical summary scores were significantly less. The disabilities of arm, shoulder, and hand evaluation, Mayo wrist score, and patient-rated wrist evaluation all reflected loss of function. Seventy-three percent of all patients had returned to full duties in their usual occupations and a total of 82% were employed.
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