Psychosocial Determinants of Out of School Activity Participation for Children with and without Physical Disabilities
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Psychosocial determinants of children's out of school participation were examined, using secondary analyses of data from 427 children with physical disabilities (from 12 service locations in Ontario Canada) and 354 children without disabilities, ages 6 to 14. For both groups of children, hierarchical regression analyses indicated that psychosocial variables added significant incremental variance (6% to 14%) to the prediction of active physical intensity and social activity enjoyment, beyond that accounted for by family income, child age and sex, and physical functioning. As well, there were significant psychosocial determinants, with medium to large effect sizes. Athletic competence and hyperactivity had specific effects on active physical activities and social activities, respectively, for both groups of children. Disability-specific determinants included social acceptance, emotional functioning, and peer difficulties (only significant for children with disabilities). It was concluded that psychosocial variables play an important role in children's enjoyment and intensity of participation in leisure activities.
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