Galanin inhibition of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide release and circular muscle motility in the isolated perfused canine ileum
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The role of porcine galanin, infused arterially into isolated perfused canine ileal segments, in modulating the tonically elevated neural release of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide and possible concomitant motor actions dependent on vasoactive intestinal polypeptide modulation was studied. Galanin infusions (9-minute) inhibited vasoactive intestinal polypeptide release in a concentration-dependent manner (maximum during minutes 8-10) irrespective of the absence (quiescence) or presence of phasic circular muscle contractions induced by local electrical field stimulation of nerves. During quiescence, galanin induced phasic contractions in four of five segments beginning in the 8th minute of the infusion. During stimulated contractions, galanin inhibited phasic motor activity within 2 minutes of initiation of the infusion; this inhibition may result from direct smooth previously reported muscle inhibition. Thus galanin may inhibit both neural release of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide and circular muscle motility directly. The delayed period of phasic activity initiated by galanin during quiescence may be related to inhibition of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide release, freeing the muscle from tonic inhibition by vasoactive intestinal polypeptide. Because galanin and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide are colocalized in some enteric nerves, galanin may regulate vasoactive intestinal polypeptide release by negative feedback.
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