Evaluation of a new pediatric intraosseous needle insertion device for low-resource settings
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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Near Needle Holder (NNH) (Near Manufacturing, Camrose, Alberta, Canada) is a reusable tool to introduce a standard hollow needle for pediatric intraosseous (IO) infusion. We compared the NNH to the Cook Dieckmann (Cook Critical Care, Bloomington, IN) manual IO needle in a simulation setting. METHODS: Study subjects were 32 physicians, nurses, and medical students participating in a trauma course in Guyana. After watching a training video and practicing under supervision, subjects were observed inserting each device into a pediatric leg model using a randomized crossover design. Outcome measures were time to successful insertion, technical complications, ease of use, and safety of each device. RESULTS: The mean time for IO insertion (32 ± 13 seconds) was similar for both devices (P = .92). Subjects rated the NNH device equivalent in ease of use to the Cook IO needle but slightly lower in perceived safety to the user. CONCLUSIONS: After training, all subjects successfully inserted the NNH IO device in a simulation environment, and most rated it as easy to use and safe. The NNH is a significant advance because IO needles are often not available in emergency departments in developing countries. Further studies are needed to evaluate clinical effectiveness of the NNH.
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