Superior mesenteric vein thrombosis after the Whipple procedure: an aggressive, combined treatment approach.
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It is now recognized that occlusion of the mesenteric veins not only may complicate a number of disease processes but may occur as a life-threatening complication after abdominal surgery. A 32-year-old woman had mesenteric venous thrombosis after resection of a duodenal inflammatory pseudotumour by pancreatoduodenectomy. She recovered fully after treatment, which consisted of thrombectomy, flushing with urokinase and intravenous administration of heparin. Papaverine infused for 4 days substantially improved bowel viability. Current concepts in mesenteric vein occlusion and the principles of clinical management are reviewed.
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