Zoledronic acid results in better health-related quality of life following hip fracture: the HORIZON–Recurrent Fracture Trial
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UNLABELLED: This study evaluated the benefits of ZOL versus placebo on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients from HORIZON-RFT. At month 24 and end of the study visit, ZOL significantly improved patients' overall health state compared to placebo as assessed by the EQ-5D VAS. INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the benefits of zoledronic acid (ZOL) versus placebo on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients from The Health Outcomes and Reduced Incidence With Zoledronic Acid Once Yearly Recurrent Fracture Trial (HORIZON-RFT). METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 2,127 patients were randomized to receive annual infusion of ZOL 5 mg (n = 1,065) or placebo (n = 1,062) within 90 days after surgical repair of low-trauma hip fracture. HRQoL was measured using EQ-5D Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and utility scores (EuroQol instrument) at months 6, 12, 24, 36, and end of the study visit. Analysis of covariance model included baseline EQ-5D value, region, and treatment as explanatory variables. RESULTS: At baseline, patients (mean age 75 years; 24% men and 76% women) were well matched between treatment groups with mean EQ-5D VAS of 65.82 in ZOL and 65.70 in placebo group. At the end of the study, mean change from baseline in EQ-5D VAS was greater for ZOL vs. placebo in all patients (7.67 ± 0.56 vs. 5.42 ± 0.56), and in subgroups of patients experiencing clinical vertebral fractures (8.86 ± 4.91 vs. -1.69 ± 3.42), non-vertebral fractures (5.03 ± 2.48 vs. -1.07 ± 2.16), and clinical fractures (5.19 ± 2.25 vs. -0.72 ± 1.82) with treatment difference significantly in favor of ZOL. EQ-5D utility scores were comparable for ZOL and placebo groups, but more patients on placebo consistently had extreme difficulty in mobility (1.74% for ZOL vs. 2.13% for placebo; p = 0.6238), self-care (4.92% vs. 6.69%; p = 0.1013), and usual activities (10.28% vs. 12.91%; p = 0.0775). CONCLUSION: ZOL significantly improves HRQoL in patients with low-trauma hip fracture.
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