Anticoagulant prophylaxis in special populations with an indwelling epidural catheter or renal insufficiency
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The prevention of deep venous thrombosis in postoperative patients who have an indwelling epidural catheter and patients with impaired renal function is a frequently encountered and challenging clinical management problem. Such patients make up a considerable proportion of patients in a medical-surgical intensive care unit. The management of such patients is problematic because low-molecular-weight heparins, the anticoagulant of choice as thromboprophylaxis for many clinical indications, are generally avoided in such patients. This review focuses on anticoagulant prophylaxis in such patients, including reasonable approaches for using low-molecular-weight heparins as thromboprophylaxis.
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