Selective upregulation of a functional beta7 integrin on differentiating eosinophils
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BACKGROUND: The sequence of adhesion-molecule expression during eosinophil differentiation remains unclear. METHODS: We analyzed the surface expression of alpha4, beta1, and beta7 integrins and compared it to established myeloid developmental markers, using the eosinophilic cell line HL-60 clone 15, as well as cord and peripheral blood differentiation assays. RESULTS: Cells induced to eosinophil differentiation by treatment with butyric acid, IL-5, and GM-CSF showed a significant upregulation of beta7 integrin expression coincident with a marked upregulation of CD35 and attenuation of CD33 and beta1 integrin expression. In addition, adhesion of induced HL-60 clone 15 cells to fibronectin was attenuated by a beta7 integrin antibody. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that protein synthesis-dependent upregulation of the functional beta7 integrin occurs under conditions when beta4 and beta1 integrins are fully expressed, indicating a sequential appearance of specific adhesion molecules on differentiating eosinophil progenitors.
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