Changes in Exhaled Nitric Oxide Related to Estrogen and Progesterone During the Menstrual Cycle Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Significant changes in asthma and atopy occur throughout the menstrual cycle. We hypothesized that the characteristics of asthma (eg, symptoms, exhaled nitric oxide [eNO] levels as a marker of airway inflammation, pulmonary function, and atopy) vary throughout the menstrual cycle in relation to changes in the levels of estrogen or progesterone and that this variation is attenuated in women using oral contraception (OC). METHODS: Seventeen women with asthma were studied over the course of their menstrual cycle through daily measurements of symptoms, eNO, spirometry, 17beta-estradiol, and progesterone levels, and through the performance of alternate-day allergy skin-prick tests (SPTs). RESULTS: Of 534 potential daily visits, 526 (98.5%) were completed. Women not using OC (n = 8) had higher mean eNO levels (48.2 parts per billion [ppb]; 95% CI, 43.1 ppb to 53.3 ppb) than women using OC (27.0 ppb; 95% CI, 24.2 ppb to 29.7 ppb; p

publication date

  • November 2009

published in