Can Preference Scores for Discrete States Be Used to Derive Preference Scores for an Entire Path of Events? Journal Articles uri icon

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  • The authors conducted a study exploring whether preferences for sequences of events can be approximated by preferences for component discrete states. Visual-analog- scale (VAS) and standard-gamble (SG) scores for a subset of the possible sequences of events (path states) and component temporary and chronic outcomes (discrete states) that can follow prenatal diagnostic decisions were elicited from 121 pregnant women facing a choice between chorionic villus sampling and amniocentesis. For in dividuals, preference scores for path states could not be predicted easily from discrete- state scores. Mean path-state VAS scores, however, were predicted reasonably ac curately by multiple regression models (R2 = 0.85 and 0.82 for two different anchoring schemes), with most measured scores lying within the 95% confidence intervals of the derived scores. It is concluded that, for individual patient decision making, preferences for path states should be elicited. When mean preference values for a population are sought, however, it may be reasonable to derive regression weights from a subset of respondents and then to apply those weights to preferences for discrete states elicited from a larger group. Key words: utility measurement; patient preferences; multiple re gression ; standard gamble; visual analog scaling; prenatal diagnosis. (Med Decis Mak ing 1997;17:42-55))


  • Kuppermann, Miriam
  • Shiboski, Stephen
  • Feeny, David
  • Elkin, Eric P
  • Washington, A Eugene

publication date

  • February 1997

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