Could Metabolic Syndrome Be a Predictor of Survival Outcomes in Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma? A Propensity Score Matching Study in a Large Chinese Center Journal Articles uri icon

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  • PurposeTo evaluate the prognostic value of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) patients based on propensity score matching (PSM) analysis.Patients and MethodsA total of 573 patients with UTUC after radical nephroureterectomy were included at Peking University People‚Äôs Hospital from January 2007 to April 2021. MetS was diagnosed according to the criteria of Chinese Diabetes Society and was defined as the presence of 3 or more of the following 4 conditions (obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertension, high triglycerides and/or low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol). Patients were divided into two groups based on whether they had MetS, whose variables were adjusted using 1:1 PSM analysis with a caliber of 0.02 to minimize selection bias. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis were used to evaluate the association of MetS and its components with pathological outcomes after adjusting preoperative confounders by propensity score matching. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and intravesical recurrence-free survival (IVRFS) after surgery.ResultsMetS was significantly correlated with older age, a history of coronary heart disease, high Charlson Comorbidity Index, low estimated Glomerular filtration rate, and low aspartate/alanine aminotransferase ratio (all P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis and Kaplan-Meier curves demonstrated that MetS showed no statistical correlation with lower OS or IVRFS and approaching significance with lower CSS (P=0.063) before PSM. After PSM, the 5-year OS, CSS, and IVRFS were 64.1%, 74.7%, and 77.2%, respectively, in the MetS group, compared with 67.4%, 78.8%, and 77.2%, respectively, in non-MetS group. Univariate Cox regression analyses showed that MetS and its components were not associated with decreased OS, CSS, or IVRFS (all P>0.05).ConclusionIn our study, no statistical difference was found between MetS and survival outcomes in UTUC, except a marginal association with lower CSS. Further studies are needed to evaluate the role of MetS and its each single component on UTUC.


  • Dai, Xiang
  • Wang, Fei
  • Du, Yiqing
  • Qin, Caipeng
  • Lai, Shicong
  • Song, Yuxuan
  • Huang, Zixiong
  • Han, Songchen
  • Zhang, Xiaopeng
  • Xu, Tao

publication date

  • 2022