Peer Support for Type 2 Diabetes Management in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs): A Scoping Review Journal Articles uri icon

  • Overview
  • Research
  • Identity
  • Additional Document Info
  • View All


  • Background: Although there is evidence of peer support in high-income countries, the use of peer support as an intervention for cardiometabolic disease management, including type 2 diabetes (T2DM), in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), is unclear. Methods: A scoping review methodology was used to search the databases MEDLINE, Embase, Emcare, PsycINFO, LILACS, CDSR, and CENTRAL. Results: Twenty-eight studies were included in this scoping review. Of these, 67% were developed in Asia, 22% in Africa, and 11% in the Americas. The definition of peer support varied; however, peer support offered a social and emotional dimension to help individuals cope with negative emotions and barriers while promoting disease management. Conclusions: Findings from this scopingreview highlight a lack of consistency in defining peer support as a component of CMD management in LMICs. A clear definition of peer support and ongoing program evaluation is recommended for future research.


  • Sherifali, Diana
  • Da Silva, Lilian Pinto
  • Dewan, Pooja
  • Cader, F Aaysha
  • Dakhil, Zainab
  • Gyawali, Bishal
  • Klassen, Sheila
  • Yaseen, Israa Fadhil
  • Jovkovic, Milos
  • Khalid, Saira
  • Fitzpatrick-Lewis, Donna
  • Alliston, Paige
  • Racey, Megan

publication date

  • 2024