Biophysical mechanisms of myocardium sodium channelopathies Journal Articles uri icon

  • Overview
  • Research
  • Identity
  • Additional Document Info
  • View All


  • Genetic variants of gene SCN5A encoding the alpha-subunit of cardiac voltage-gated sodium channel Nav1.5 are associated with various diseases, including long QT syndrome (LQT3), Brugada syndrome (BrS1), and progressive cardiac conduction disease (PCCD). In the last decades, the great progress in understanding molecular and biophysical mechanisms of these diseases has been achieved. The LQT3 syndrome is associated with gain-of-function of sodium channels Nav1.5 due to impaired inactivation, enhanced activation, accelerated recovery from inactivation or the late current appearance. In contrast, BrS1 and PCCD are associated with the Nav1.5 loss-of-function, which in electrophysiological experiments can be manifested as reduced current density, enhanced fast or slow inactivation, impaired activation, or decelerated recovery from inactivation. Genetic variants associated with congenital arrhythmias can also disturb interactions of the Nav1.5 channel with different proteins or drugs and cause unexpected reactions to drug administration. Furthermore, mutations can affect post-translational modifications of the channels and their sensitivity to pH and temperature. Here we briefly review the current knowledge on biophysical mechanisms of LQT3, BrS1 and PCCD. We focus on limitations of studies that use heterologous expression systems and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) derived cardiac myocytes and summarize our understanding of genotype-phenotype relations of SCN5A mutations.


  • Zaytseva, Anastasia K
  • Kulichik, Olga E
  • Kostareva, Anna A
  • Zhorov, Boris

publication date

  • May 2024