Subcutaneous white adipose tissue independently regulates burn-induced hypermetabolism via immune-adipose crosstalk Journal Articles uri icon

  • Overview
  • Research
  • Identity
  • Additional Document Info
  • View All


  • Severe burns induce a chronic hypermetabolic state that persists well past wound closure, indicating that additional internal mechanisms must be involved. Adipose tissue is suggested to be a central regulator in perpetuating hypermetabolism, although this has not been directly tested. Here, we show that thermogenic adipose tissues are activated in parallel to increases in hypermetabolism independent of cold stress. Using an adipose tissue transplantation model, we discover that burn-derived subcutaneous white adipose tissue alone is sufficient to invoke a hypermetabolic response in a healthy recipient mouse. Concomitantly, transplantation of healthy adipose tissue alleviates metabolic dysfunction in a burn recipient. We further show that the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor signaling pathway may mediate an immune-adipose crosstalk to regulate adipose tissue remodeling post-injury. Targeting this pathway could lead to innovative therapeutic interventions to counteract hypermetabolic pathologies.


  • Knuth, Carly M
  • Barayan, Dalia
  • Lee, Ju Hee
  • Auger, Christopher
  • de Brito Monteiro, Lauar
  • Ricciuti, Zachary
  • Metko, Dea
  • Wells, Lisa
  • Sung, Hoon-Ki
  • Screaton, Robert A
  • Jeschke, Marc

publication date

  • January 2024